The Halloween headlines in the financial media look really scary.
In fact, I’ve seen many alarming leads today telling me that the NASDAQ Composite is on pace to have its worst October since the dreaded drop of 2008.
So, in the spirit of the ghosts of Halloween past (hat tip to Charles Dickens here for the borrowed literary reference), let’s take a quick look at the chart of the tech-heavy NASDAQ in October 2008.
Image courtesy of Ycharts.com
As you can see, shares plunged nearly 17% that month. And, of course, the worst in markets was yet to come.
Fast forward to the ghosts of Halloween present, and we can see a decline in October, but nothing as ghoulish as what happened a decade ago.
Image courtesy of Ycharts.com
Here we see the NASDAQ down 8.5%, which is certainly a significant pullback for a major index during a single month. That pullback caused a lot of angst on Wall Street and on Main Street, as investors of all stripes got spooked by the selling goblins.
Still, what we have to keep in mind is that even though sellers came out and tripped the bulls this month, the bear-market warlocks have yet to come anywhere close to imposing their will on markets the way they did 10 years gone.
Now, I suspect you remember what things were like in October/November 2008 (I certainly do), and they were nothing like the conditions we have today. Back then, the scare was palpable, and caused by disastrous revelations that nearly plunged the world into a financial death spiral.
My friend and market analyst extraordinaire, Tom Essaye of the Sevens Report, gave me an insightful description of the differences between then and now.
“I remember October/November 2008. The whole system was coming apart at the seams. Banks were failing, massive layoffs were occurring, economic growth had collapsed, the financial crisis was at its peak. In November 2008, return of capital was a legitimate worry, and it didn’t matter if your money was at Goldman, Citi, Bank of America, or Bank of the Mattress!”
It’s safe to say we are a far cry from the pernicious conditions of a decade ago. Still, there are legitimate concerns in the markets right now that shouldn’t be ignored.
The fact is that one of the two pillars holding up the equity rally for most of 2018, i.e. strong corporate earnings growth, has slowed markedly as a result of cautious Q3 earnings reports. It is not that earnings have been bad on the numbers. They really haven’t. What has been disappointing about this earnings season is that there have been many high-profile earnings warnings for Q4 and beyond, and the qualitative commentary and forward guidance for many of the market’s biggest and brightest have been less than encouraging.
Then there’s the ongoing issue of the trade war between the United States and China, a worry that will continue to sew a layer of uncertainty into this market’s cloth until something is positively resolved. Another concern here is the Federal Reserve moving too fast on monetary policy by hiking rates too high and potentially choking off future economic growth.
Finally, we have the midterm elections just six days from now, and how that turns out could throw another wrench of uncertainty into the financial markets. It’s one thing if Democrats take back control of the House of Representatives. That outcome would elevate political risk. But frankly, this result has largely been priced into markets over the past month.
The bigger uncertainty, and the potential cause for continued selling into year-end, is if Democrats also take control of the Senate. This outcome would heighten political risk, and that could bring more selling witches out of their broom closets.
Will those witches fly unimpeded over Wall Street the way they did 10 years ago?
I think not.
ETF Talk: A Fund that Focuses on U.S. Dollar-Denominated Assets
The SPDR Bloomberg Barclays Investment Grade Floating Rate ETF (FLRN) is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that focuses on securities that have between one month and five years until maturity.
FLRN tracks an index of U.S. dollar-denominated, investment-grade floating notes. Investing in this fund exposes the investor to floating-rate notes that are spread around the world (since U.S. issues make up a little more than half of the FLRN’s debt holdings) and have a low expense ratio.
The fact that the portfolio is full of floating-rate notes means that the value of the notes will be less affected by changes in the interest rate. As a result, investing in FLRN or a similarly structured ETF might be a wise idea at a time when the Federal Reserve has decided to finally increase interest rates.
Indeed, the Fed had increased the federal funds rate from 2% to 2.25% at the end of September and will very likely increase it again it to 2.5% in December. Given that the last increase caused a panic on Wall Street and a plunge in the value of many stocks, it is conceivable that some prospective investors might want to consider a fund that is less vulnerable to interest rate changes.
Furthermore, FLRN’s portfolio has the indications of being a strong portfolio since the majority of this portfolio’s assets are in AAA, AA or A backed securities and there are no assets invested in what have been popularly called “junk bonds.” In terms of sector, FLRN is most heavily invested in financial institutions, then industry, then supranational organizations and then agencies. Not surprisingly, most of its funds are in corporate bonds from issuers such as Morgan Stanley (NYSE:MS), the Inter-American Development Bank (NYSE:ITAD), Goldman Sachs (NYSE:GS), the Asian Development Bank (NYSE:ATB) and the UBS AG London Branch (NYSE:AG).
It is also important to note that the fund currently has $4.49 billion in assets under management, has a $41.83 million average daily trading volume and has an average 60-day spread of 0.03%. It also has an expense ratio of 0.15%, meaning that it is relatively cheap to hold in comparison to other exchange-traded funds.
The returns from FLRN’s holdings have been weaker than the segment benchmark over the course of the past three years. For instance, FLRN’s holdings have grown 2.12% over the course of the last year, but the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Floating Rate Note Index has risen 2.39% over the same period.
In short, while FLRN does have several advantages over some of its peer funds, its risks are not zero. Interested investors should, as always, do their due diligence and decide whether the fund is suitable for their portfolios.
Chart Courtesy of stockcharts.com
I am happy to answer any of your questions about ETFs, so do not hesitate to send me an email. You just may see your question answered in a future ETF Talk.
On the Virtue of Stupidity: A Discussion with Financial Survival Network’s Kerry Lutz
Part of being a Renaissance Man is having a healthy dose of skepticism.
At this year’s FreedomFest convention, I spoke with the creator of the Financial Survival Network, Kerry Lutz, to discuss a number of topics, including the value of skepticism as well as the “virtue of stupidity.”
Kerry is one of the funniest guys I know, but behind the humor there’s a whole lot of intelligent thought and observations about the world.
In the latest episode of the Way of the Renaissance Man podcast, we discuss:
If you want to hear an interesting exchange of ideas laced with humor, irony and some unconventional insights, I think you’ll really enjoy my discussion with Kerry.
Finally, if you like the Way of the Renaissance Man podcast, I encourage you to subscribe to the show on iTunes.
Doing so is free, and it will ensure you never miss the latest episodes.
Aim for Meaning, Not Happiness
“It’s in responsibility that most people find the meaning that sustains them through life. It’s not in happiness. It’s not in impulsive pleasure.”
— Dr. Jordan B. Peterson
Responsibility is a heavy burden.
But for those who assume the responsibility that comes with life and overcoming its inevitable hardships, the mere admission of said responsibility can actually be a reward in itself. That’s one of the themes that runs through the work of clinical psychologist and best-selling author Dr. Jordan B. Peterson. The way Peterson sees it, if you think the meaning of life is achieving happiness, what happens when you’re unhappy?
“Happiness is a great side effect. When it comes, accept it gratefully. But it’s fleeting and unpredictable. It’s not something to aim at — because it’s not an aim,” writes Peterson. The doctor goes on to add, “If happiness is the purpose of life, what happens when you’re unhappy? Then you’re a failure. And perhaps a suicidal failure. Happiness is like cotton candy. It’s just not going to do the job.”
Instead of pursuing happiness, Peterson suggests pursuing that which is truly meaningful, and it is through this pursuit that you’ll be faced with the responsibility of acting in a manner that makes life meaningful.
Now, I’ve been contemplating these ideas of late, having recently read Peterson’s best-seller, “12 Rules for Life: An Antidote to Chaos.” And, because of my responsibility as the editor of this publication along with my other newsletter advisory services, I tend to see things through market-colored glasses. Through those lenses, I also see this market as a way to aim for meaning over happiness. Let me explain.
The equivalent of pursuing happiness in markets is to make the big score with a big trade, and to ride the hot momentum stocks all the way up. And, when things are going well in a bull market, those big wins tend to bring a lot of happiness.
Yet what happens when things don’t go well? What happens when your momentum trade crumbles and falls below your stop loss? Well, that tends to be the opposite of happiness. In fact, it tends to be the definition of actual pain and loss.
And, based on the market action over the past several weeks, now is a time when a lot of unhappiness is wafting on Wall Street.
Now, I’m not saying that there isn’t a place for momentum investing or quick-hit trading. In fact, I think it can play a big, positive role in your overall returns. This is especially true if you’re the type who likes to put money to work in pursuit of short- and medium-term alpha.
Yet, what’s always important to remember is that what’s really meaningful when it comes to investing is to build wealth the responsible way. To that end, you must do so with a strategy that’s focused on the long term, and one that allows you to better deal with the inevitable ebbs and flows of market volatility.
And just to remind you of that volatility in markets of late, take a look at the six-month chart of the S&P 500 Index.
Image courtesy of StockCharts.com
As you can see, in mid-October the market fell below key support at the 50-day and the 200-day moving averages. Since then, we’ve bounced back above the 200-day moving average several times. Yet the latest decline in stocks over the past couple of sessions has pushed the broad measure of domestic equities well below the long-term moving average.
So, what do you do now if your goal is to pursue meaning (i.e. long-term wealth building)?
Well, that answer depends on the type of investor you are. If you are a long-term investor who has built a portfolio of stalwart dividend stocks over the years, then the recent pullback shouldn’t bother you very much.
If you’re an investor who follows the trends, then you should have had a plan in place that moved much of your allocation to the safety of cash as soon as stocks initially fell below that key 200-day moving average.
Readers of my Intelligence Report advisory service have been building positions in stalwart, dividend-paying stocks for years, so this little hiccup is no more than a bump in the road on their pursuit of investing meaning.
Meanwhile, readers of my Successful Investing advisory service have been a bit more proactive of late, using that key technical break of the 200-day moving average to lighten up on equity positions and ride the volatility out in the safety of a high cash position.
Both of these approaches are based on pursuing meaning with your money, and both are designed to preserve and grow capital. And though each approach comes at the goal from different angles, the bottom line of pursuing long-term financial meaning is the same.
As the Buddhist adage goes, “there are many paths to enlightenment,” and so too are there many paths to financial meaningfulness.
But first, one must aim for meaning over happiness.
Sleepy Hollow Wisdom
When the spooks have a midnight jamboree
They break it up with fiendish glee
The ghosts are bad but the one that’s cursed
Is the headless horseman; he’s the worst…
— “The Headless Horseman,” from the 1949 animated film, “The Adventures of Ichabod And Mr. Toad.”
The story of the Headless Horseman, originally part of “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” by Washington Irving, is a gothic literary classic. One reason why it’s become a classic is because the concept of being “headless” and riding blindly through the deep woods (pun intended) is a metaphor for man’s journey through an incredibly complex, frightening, dangerous and eminently unknowable world.
More importantly, the story can be read as illustrating the destructive power of those who fail to “have their heads,” i.e. those who fail to use reason and who choose the path of violence and fear to get through life. The wider takeaway here, in my view, is to not give in to your headless nature, and to confront reality with courage, focus and your only tool of survival — your rational faculty.
Wisdom about money, investing and life can be found anywhere. If you have a good quote you’d like me to share with your fellow readers, send it to me, along with any comments, questions and suggestions you have about my newsletters, seminars or anything else. Click here to ask Jim.